What is male infertility?
Male infertility is a man’s inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female. The cause of this medical condition can be many, but semen deficiencies and semen quality are the two major causes. Around 7% of all men are affected by this condition.
Why is infertility evaluation of prime importance?
Singularly, male infertility leads to failure in getting pregnant in 30% of the couples and in 50% cases it is a contributing factor. Thus, it has been established that it’s a major cause of total human infertility. Besides this, since it’s majorly a silent medical condition, it is hard to detect and thus, calls for evaluation of men for infertility as it may well be a symptom of a significant disease.
A look at the causes
-A man’s fertility is determined by the quality and quantity of his semen. Semen quality is used as a surrogate measure of male fecundity.
-The quality of the sperm produced is poor and the sperm count of a man is low, in either of the cases it will be difficult, and in some cases impossible, for him to cause a pregnancy.
The biggest issue with male infertility is the absence of clear symptoms in most cases. You might not even experience difficulty in intercourse, erections and ejaculations. With the naked eye view, the semen color and quantity would appear normal.
But there are some health issues that can contribute or cause male infertility. Such issues can hinder the ability to get a woman pregnant. If you have had a history of the following issues, you should see a fertility expert sooner:
- Cystic Fibrosis
- Problems ejaculating
- Problems getting an erection
- Injury or trauma to the scrotum and testes
When should you visit a fertility expert?
Normally, it can take up to a year for a woman to get pregnant. So, if you haven’t noticed anything serious or out of the blue, your doctor would advise you to wait for a year before seeking infertility testing and treatment. If you and your partner have been trying without success for more than a year, you should visit a male fertility care center.
1) Hormone deficiencies: These cases are rare, but can be treated with medication.
2) Varicocele ligation: It’s an abnormal tortuosity and dilation in veins of pampiniform plexus, a network of many small veins found in the human male spermatic cord. This issue can be surgically treated.
3) Intrauterine insemination
4) Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) use donor egg to get a woman pregnant in cases of male infertility. Frozen embryo cycles are also used in the process of IVF.